478 "Gay" Animals


Bruce Bagemihl, PhD wrote in his 1999 book Biological Exuberance: Animal Homosexuality Dog sniffing another dogand Natural Diversity that homosexual and/or transgender activity has been observed in 478 species. He states in his book's introduction:
"Any book on homosexuality and transgender in animals is necessarily unfinished, a work in progress. The subject is so vast, the types of behaviors so varied, and the number of species involved so large, as to defy any attempts at comprehensiveness. And the scientific research in this area is only in its infancy: new developments and discoveries are continually being made, and the extent of uncharted and as yet unknowable terrain is so great as to render any attempt at completeness hopelessly premature."


Homosexual / Transgender Behavior Observed in 478 Species

  1. Acanthocephalan Worms
  2. Acorn Woodpecker
  3. Adelie Penguin
  4. African Buffalo
  5. African Elephant
  6. Agile Wallaby
  7. Alfalfa Weevil
  8. Amazon Molly
  9. Amazon River Dolphin
  10. American Bison
  11. Anna's Humminbird
  12. Anole sp.
  13. Aoudad
  14. Aperea
  15. Appalachian Woodland Salamander
  16. Asiatic Elephant
  17. Asiatic Mouflon
  18. Atlantic Spotted Dolphin
  19. Australian Parasitic Wasp sp.
  20. Australian Sea Lion
  21. Australian Shelduck
  22. Aztec Parakeet
  23. Bank Swallow
  24. Barasingha
  25. Barbary Sheep
  26. Barn Owl
  1. Bean Weevil sp.
  2. Bedbug and other Bug spp.
  3. Beluga
  4. Bangalese Finch (Domestic)
  5. Bezoar
  6. Bharal
  7. Bicolored Antbird
  8. Bighorn Sheep
  9. Black Bear
  10. Black-billed Magpie
  11. Blackbuck
  12. Black-crowned Night Heron
  13. Black-footed Rock Wallaby
  14. Black-headed Gull
  15. Black-rumped Flameback
  16. Black-spotted Frog
  17. Black Stilt
  18. Blackstripe Topminnow
  19. Black Swan
  20. Black-tailed Deer
  21. Black-winged Stilt
  22. Blister Beetle spp.
  23. Blowfly
  24. Blue-backed Manakin
  25. Blue-bellied Roller
  26. Bluegill Sunfish
  27. Blue Sheep
  28. Blue Tit
  29. Blue-winged Teal
  30. Bonnet Macaque
  31. Bonobo
  32. Boto
  33. Bottlenose Dolphin
  34. Bowhead Whale
  35. Box Crab
  36. Bridled Dolphin
  37. Broad-headed Skink
  38. Broadwinged Damselfly sp.
  39. Brown Bear
  40. Brown Capuchin
  41. Brown-headed Cowbird
  42. Brown Long-eared Bat
  43. Brown Rat
  44. Budgeriger (Domestic)
  45. Buff-breasted Sandpiper
  46. Rush Dog
  47. Cabbage (Small) White
  48. Calfbird
  49. California Gull
  50. Canada Goose
  51. Canary-winged Parakeet
  52. Caribou
  53. Caspian Tern
  54. Cat (Domestic)
  55. Cattle (Domestic)
  56. Cattle Egret
  57. Chaffinch
  58. Char
  59. Checkered Whiptail Lizard
  60. Checkerspot Butterfly
  61. Cheetah
  62. Chicken (Domestic)
  63. Chihuahuan Spotted Whiptail Lizard
  64. Chiloe Wigeon
  65. Cliff Swallow
  66. Clubtail Dragonfly spp.
  67. Cockroach spp.
  68. Collared Peccary
  69. Cammerson's Dolphin
  70. Common Ameiva
  71. Common Brushtail Possum
  72. Common Chimpanzee
  73. Common Dolphin
  74. Common Garter Snake
  75. Common Gull
  76. Common Marmoset
  77. Common Murre
  78. Common Pipistrelle
  79. Common Racoon
  80. Common Shelduck
  81. Common Skimmer Dragonfly spp.
  82. Common Tree Shrew
  1. Cotton-top Tamarin
  2. Crab-eating Macaque
  3. Crane spp.
  4. Creeping Water Bug sp.
  5. Crested Black Macaque
  6. Cuban Green Anole
  7. Cui
  8. Dall's Sheep
  9. Daubenton's Bat
  10. Desert Grassland Whiptail Lizard
  11. Desert Tortoise
  12. Digger Bee
  13. Dog (Domestic)
  14. Doria's Tree Kangaroo
  15. Dragonfly spp.
  16. Dugong
  17. Dusky Moorhen
  18. Dwarf Cavy
  19. Dwarf Mongoose
  20. Eastern Bluebird
  21. Eastern Cottontail Rabbit
  22. Eastern Giant Ichneumon
  23. Eastern Gray Kangaroo
  24. Egyptian Goose
  25. Elegant Parrot
  26. Elk
  27. Emu
  28. Eucalyptus Longhorned Borer
  29. Euro
  30. European Bison
  31. European Bitterling
  32. European Jay
  33. European Shag
  34. Fallow Deer
  35. False Killer Whale
  36. Fat-tailed Dunnart
  37. Fence Lizard
  38. Field Cricket sp.
  39. Fin Whale
  40. Five-lined Skink
  41. Flamingo
  42. Fruit Fly spp.
  43. Galah
  44. Gelada Baboon
  45. Gentoo Penguin
  46. Giraffe
  47. Glasswing Butterfly
  48. Goat (Domestic)
  49. Golden Bishop Bird
  50. Golden Monkey
  51. Golden Plover
  52. Gopher (Pine) Snake
  1. Gorilla
  2. Grant's Gazelle
  3. Grape Berry Moth
  4. Grape Borer
  5. Gray-breasted Jay
  6. Gray-capped Social Weaver
  7. Gray-headed Flying Fox
  8. Gray Heron
  9. Grayling
  10. Gray Seal
  11. Gray Squirrel
  12. Gray Whale
  13. Great Cormorant
  14. Greater Bird of Paradise
  15. Greater Rhea
  16. Green Anole
  17. Green Lacewing
  18. Green Sandpiper
  19. Greenshank
  20. Green Swordtail
  21. Greylag Goose
  22. Griffon Vulture
  23. Grizzly Bear
  24. Guiana Leaffish
  25. Guianan Cock-of-the-Rock
  26. Guillemot
  27. Guinea Pig (Domestic)
  1. Hamadryas Baboon
  2. Hammerhead
  3. Hamster (Domestic)
  4. Hanuman Lanur
  5. Harbor Porpoise
  6. Harbor Seal
  7. Harvest Spider sp.
  8. Hawaiin Orb-Weaver
  9. Hen Flea
  10. Herring Gull
  11. Himalayan Tahr
  12. Hoary-headed Grebe
  13. Hoary Marmot
  14. Hooded Warbler
  15. Horse (Domestic)
  16. House Fly
  17. House Sparrow
  18. Houting Whitefish
  19. Humboldt Penguin
  20. Ichneumon Wasp sp.
  21. Incirrate Octopus spp.
  22. Inagua Curlytail Lizard
  23. Indian Fruit Bat
  24. Indian Mantjac
  25. Indian Rhinoceros
  26. Ivory Gull
  27. Jackdaw
  28. Jamaican Giant Anole
  29. Japanese Scarab Beetle
  30. Japanese Macaque
  31. Javelina
  32. Jewel Fish
  33. Jumping Spider sp.
  34. Kangaroo Rat
  35. Kestrel
  36. Killer Whale
  37. King Penquin
  38. Kittiwake
  39. Koala
  40. Kob
  41. Larch Bud Moth
  42. Laredo Striped Whiptail Lizard
  43. Larga Seal
  44. Largehead Anole
  45. Large Milkweed Bug
  46. Large White
  47. Laughing Gull
  48. Laysan Albatross
  49. Least Chipmunk
  50. Least Darter
  51. Lechwe
  52. Lesser Bushbaby
  53. Lesser Flamingo
  54. Lesser Scaup Duck
  55. Lion
  56. Lion-tailed Macaque
  57. Lion Tamarin
  58. Little Blue Heron
  59. Little Brown Bat
  60. Little Egret
  61. Livingstone's Fruit Bat
  62. Long-eared Hedgehog
  63. Long-footed Tree Shrew
  64. Long-legged Fly spp.
  65. Long-tailed Hermit Hummingbird
  66. Mallard Duck
  67. Markhor
  68. Marten
  69. Masked Lovebird
  70. Matschie's Tree Kangaroo
  71. Mazarine Blue
  72. Mealy Amazon Parrot
  73. Mediterranean Fruit Fly
  74. Mew Gull
  75. Mexican Jay
  76. Mexican White
  77. Midge sp.
  78. Migratory Locust
  79. Mite sp.
  80. Moco
  81. Mohol Galago
  82. Monarch Butterfly
  1. Moor Macaque
  2. Moose
  3. Mountain Dusky Salamander
  4. Mountain Goat
  5. Mountain Tree Shrew
  6. Mountain Zebra
  7. Mourning Gecko
  8. Mouse (Domestic)
  9. Mouthbreeding Fish sp.
  10. Mule Deer
  11. Mustached Tamarin
  12. Musk Duck
  13. Musk-ox
  14. Mute Swan
  15. Narrow-winged Damselfly spp.
  16. Natterer's Bat
  17. New Zealand Sea Lion
  18. Nilgiri Langur
  19. Noctule
  20. North American Porcupine
  21. Northern Elephant Seal
  22. Northern Fur Seal
  23. Northern Quoll
  24. Ocellated Antbird
  25. Ocher-bellied Flycatcher
  26. Olympic Marmot
  27. Orange Bishop Bird
  28. Orange-footed Parakeet
  29. Orangutan
  30. Orca
  31. Ornate Lorikeet
  32. Ostrich
  33. Oystercatcher
  34. Pacific Striped Dolphin
  35. Parsnip Leaf Miner
  36. Patas Monkey
  37. Peach-faced Lovebird
  38. Pere David's Deer
  39. Pied Flycatcher
  40. Pied Kingfisher
  41. Pig (Domestic)
  42. Pigeon (Domestic)
  43. Pig-tailed Macaque
  44. Plains Zebra
  45. Plateau Striped Whiptail Lizard
  46. Polar Bear
  47. Pomace Fly
  48. Powerful Owl
  49. Prea
  50. Pretty-faced Wallaby
  51. Proboscis Monkey
  52. Pronghorn
  1. Przewalski's Horse
  2. Pukeko
  3. Puku
  4. Purple Swamphen
  5. Pygmy Chimpanzee
  6. Queen Butterfly
  7. Quokka
  8. Rabbit (Domestic)
  9. Raccoon Dog
  10. Raggiana's Bird of Paradise
  11. Rat (Domestic)
  12. Raven
  13. Razorbill
  14. Red Ant sp.
  15. Red-backed Shrike
  16. Red Bishop Bird
  17. Red Deer
  18. Red Diamond Rattlesnake
  19. Red-faced Lovebird
  20. Red Flour Beetle
  21. Red Fox
  22. Red Kangaroo
  23. Red-necked Wallaby
  24. Redshank
  25. Red-shouldered Widowbird
  26. Red Squirrel
  27. Red-tailed Skink
  28. Reeve's Muntjac
  1. Regent Bowerbird
  2. Reindeer
  3. Reindeer Warble Fly
  4. Rhesus Macaque
  5. Right Whale
  6. Ring-billed Gull
  7. Ring Dove
  8. Rock Cavy
  9. Rock Dove
  10. Rodrigues Fruit Bat
  11. Roe Deer
  12. Roseate Cockatoo
  13. Roseate Tern
  14. Rosechafer
  15. Rose-ringed Parakeet
  16. Rove Beetle spp.
  17. Ruff
  18. Ruffed Grouse
  19. Rufous Bettong
  20. Rufous-naped Tamarin
  21. Rufous Rat Kangaroo
  22. Saddle-back Tamarin
  23. Sage Grouse
  24. Salmon spp.
  25. San Blas Jay
  26. Sand Martin
  27. Satin Bowerbird
  28. Savanna Baboon
  29. Scarab Beetle, Melolonthine
  30. Scarlet Ibis
  31. Scottish Crossbill
  32. Screwworm Fly
  33. Sea Otter
  34. Senegal Parrot
  35. Serotine Bat
  36. Sharp-tailed Sparrow
  37. Sheep (Domestic)
  38. Siamang
  39. Side-blotched Lizard
  40. Sika Deer
  41. Silkworm Moth
  42. Silver Gull
  43. Silvery Grebe
  44. Slender Tree Shrew
  45. Snow Goose
  46. Sociable Weaver
  47. Sooty Mangabey
  48. Southeastern Blueberry Bee
  49. Southern Green Stink Bug
  50. Southern Masked Chafer
  51. Southern One-Year Canegrub
  52. Southern Platyfish
  53. Speckled Rattlesnake
  54. Sperm Whale
  55. Spinifex Hopping Mouse
  56. Spinner Dolphin
  57. Spotted Hyena
  58. Spotted Seal
  59. Spreadwinged Damselfly spp.
  60. Spruce Budworm Moth
  61. Squirrel Monkey
  62. Stable Fly sp.
  63. Stag Beetle spp.
  64. Steller's Sea Eagle
  65. Striped Dolphin
  66. Stuart's Marsupial Mouse
  67. Stumptail Macaque
  68. Superb Lyrebird
  69. Swallow-tailed Manakin
  70. Swamp Deer
  71. Swamp Wallaby
  72. Takhi
  73. Talapoin
  74. Tammar Wallaby
  75. Tasmanian Devil
  76. Tasmanian Native Hen
  77. Tasmanian Rat Kangaroo
  78. Tengger Desert Toad
  79. Ten-spined Stickleback
  80. Thinhorn Sheep
  81. Thomson's Gazelle
  82. Three-spined Stickleback
  83. Tonkean Macaque
  1. Tree Swallow
  2. Trumpeter Swan
  3. Tsetse Fly
  4. Tucuxi
  5. Turkey (Domestic)
  6. Urial
  7. Vampire Bat
  8. Verreaux's Sifaka
  9. Vervet
  10. Victoria's Riflebird
  11. Vicuna
  12. Walrus
  13. Wapiti
  14. Warthog
  15. Water Boatman Bug
  16. Waterbuck
  17. Water Buffalo
  18. Water Moccasin
  19. Water Strider spp.
  20. Wattled Starling
  21. Weeper Capuchin
  22. Western Gray Kangaroo
  23. Western Gull
  24. Western Rattlesnake
  25. West Indian Manatee
  26. Western Banded Gecko
  27. Whiptail Lizard spp.
  28. Whiptail Wallaby
  29. White-faced Capuchin
  30. White-fronted Amazon Parrot
  31. White-fronted Capuchin
  32. White-handed Gibbon
  33. White-lipped Peccary
  34. White Stork
  35. White-tailed Deer
  36. Wild Cavy
  37. Wild Goat
  38. Wisent
  39. Wolf
  40. Wood Duck
  41. Wood Turtle
  42. Yellow-backed (Chattering) Lorikeet
  43. Yello-footed Rock Wallaby
  44. Yellow-rumped Cacique
  45. Yellow-toothed Cavy
  46. Zebra Finch (Domestic)