Professor Emeritus of English at City University of New York
Pro to the question "Is Sexual Orientation Determined at Birth?"
"In my mind, sexual orientation is absolutely determined at, or indeed before birth. It is in short nature, not nurture. It is in the genes. What is determined by nurture, however is not homosexuality but homophobia as well as what might be called gender-role typecasting, that is expectations of what is 'masculine,' 'feminine,' and 'effeminate.'"
Experts PhD's in psychology, without significant post-doctorate involvement in human sexuality issues, and PhD's in fields other than psychology, and MA's with significant post-graduate involvement in human sexuality issues. [Note: Experts definition varies by site.]
Involvement and Affiliations:
Co-owner, Le Domaine de La Millasserie, "a gay-owned B and B with pool in the gay-friendly Perigord [France]" Professor Emeritus of English, City University of New York
PhD, 18th Century English and 19th Century American Literature, New York University MA, Medieval Studies, University of Virginia BA, Harpur College