Last updated on: 2/19/2008 | Author:

American Psychiatric Association Biography

Not Clearly Pro or Con to the question "Is Sexual Orientation Determined at Birth?"

“No one knows what causes heterosexuality, homosexuality or bisexuality. Homosexuality was once thought to be the result of troubled family dynamics or faulty psychological development. Those assumptions are now understood to have been based on misinformation and prejudice. Currently there is a renewed interest in searching for biological etiologies for homosexuality. However, to date there are no replicated scientific studies supporting any specific biological etiology for homosexuality. Similarly, no specific psychosocial or family dynamic cause for homosexuality has been identified, including histories of childhood sexual abuse. Sexual abuse does not appear to be more prevalent in children who grow up to identify as gay, lesbian, or bisexual, than in children who identify as heterosexual.”

“Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Fact Sheet,” May 2000


“The American Psychiatric Association is a medical specialty society recognized world-wide. Its over 35,000 U.S. and international member physicians work together to ensure humane care and effective treatment for all persons with mental disorder, including mental retardation and substance-related disorders. It is the voice and conscience of modern psychiatry. Its vision is a society that has available, accessible quality psychiatric diagnosis and treatment.”

“About APA,” (accessed Jan. 23, 2008)


“The mission of the American Psychiatric Association is to:

  • promote the highest quality care for individuals with mental disorders (including mental retardation and substance-related disorders) and their families;
  • promote psychiatric education and research;
  • advance and represent the profession of psychiatry; and
  • serve the professional needs of its membership.”

“About APA,” (accessed Jan. 23, 2008)

501(c)6 non-profit organization
Quoted in:
  1. Can Sexual Orientation Be Successfully Changed?
  2. Can Sexual Orientation Be Successfully Changed?
  3. Is Therapy Aimed at Changing Sexual Orientation Unethical?
  4. What Do We Know about Childhood Sexual Abuse and Homosexuality?
  5. Is Sexual Orientation Determined at Birth?