Last updated on: 2/1/2012 | Author: ProCon.org

Joseph Ratzinger, DTh Biography

Title:
265th Pope of the Catholic Apostolic Roman Catholic Church
Position:
Not Clearly Pro or Con to the question "Is Sexual Orientation Determined at Birth?"
Reasoning:

“Although the particular inclination of the homosexual person is not a sin, it is a more or less strong tendency ordered toward an intrinsic moral evil; and thus the inclination itself must be seen as an objective disorder.”

“Letter to the Bishops of the Catholic Church on the Pastoral Care of Homosexual Persons,” www.vatican.va, Oct. 1, 1986

Theoretical Expertise Ranking:
    Experts
Individuals with PhDs or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to human sexuality. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to human sexuality.
Involvement and Affiliations:
  • 265th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, Bishop of Rome, and head of state of Vatican City, 2005-present
  • Honorary Academic, Pontifical Academy of Sciences, 2000-present
  • Dean, College of Cardinals, 2002-2005
  • Received honorary doctorates from: University of Wroclaw (2000), Libera Universita Maria Santissima Assunta (1999), University of Navarre (1998), Catholic University of Lublin (1988), Catholic University of Eichstatt (1987), Catholic University of Lima (1986), and College of St. Thomas (1984)
  • Vice Dean, College of Cardinals, 1998-2002
  • Cardinal Bishop of Velletri-Segni, 1993-2005
  • President, Preparatory Commission for the Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1986-1992
  • Prefect, Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, 1981
  • Cardinal and Archbishop of Munich and Freising (Germany), 1977–1982
  • Professor, Theology, University of Tübingen, 1966-1969
  • Professor, Theology, University of Münster, 1963-1966
  • Theological Advisor to Cardinal Joseph Frings, Archbishop of Cologne, 1962-1965
  • Professor, Theology, University of Bonn, 1959-1963
  • Professor, Philosophy and Theology, Higher School of Freising, 1952-1959
  • Ordained into the priesthood, 1951
Education:
  • DTh, Theology, University of Munich, 1953
  • Studied Philosophy and Theology, Higher School of Philosophy and Theology of Freising, 1946-1951
  • Studied Philosophy and Theology, University of Munich, 1946-1951
Other:
  • Born Joseph Ratzinger in Marktl am Inn, Germany on Apr. 16, 1927
  • Took the reign name of Pope Benedictus XVI
  • As a seminarian, Ratzinger was forced to enroll in Hitler Youth, but he says he was not an active participant.