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Joseph Ratzinger, DTh Biography

265th Pope of the Catholic Apostolic Roman Catholic Church
Not Clearly Pro or Con to the question "Is Sexual Orientation Determined at Birth?"

“Although the particular inclination of the homosexual person is not a sin, it is a more or less strong tendency ordered toward an intrinsic moral evil; and thus the inclination itself must be seen as an objective disorder.”

“Letter to the Bishops of the Catholic Church on the Pastoral Care of Homosexual Persons,”, Oct. 1, 1986

Involvement and Affiliations:
  • 265th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, Bishop of Rome, and head of state of Vatican City, 2005-present
  • Honorary Academic, Pontifical Academy of Sciences, 2000-present
  • Dean, College of Cardinals, 2002-2005
  • Received honorary doctorates from: University of Wroclaw (2000), Libera Universita Maria Santissima Assunta (1999), University of Navarre (1998), Catholic University of Lublin (1988), Catholic University of Eichstatt (1987), Catholic University of Lima (1986), and College of St. Thomas (1984)
  • Vice Dean, College of Cardinals, 1998-2002
  • Cardinal Bishop of Velletri-Segni, 1993-2005
  • President, Preparatory Commission for the Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1986-1992
  • Prefect, Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, 1981
  • Cardinal and Archbishop of Munich and Freising (Germany), 1977–1982
  • Professor, Theology, University of Tübingen, 1966-1969
  • Professor, Theology, University of Münster, 1963-1966
  • Theological Advisor to Cardinal Joseph Frings, Archbishop of Cologne, 1962-1965
  • Professor, Theology, University of Bonn, 1959-1963
  • Professor, Philosophy and Theology, Higher School of Freising, 1952-1959
  • Ordained into the priesthood, 1951
  • DTh, Theology, University of Munich, 1953
  • Studied Philosophy and Theology, Higher School of Philosophy and Theology of Freising, 1946-1951
  • Studied Philosophy and Theology, University of Munich, 1946-1951
  • Born Joseph Ratzinger in Marktl am Inn, Germany on Apr. 16, 1927
  • Took the reign name of Pope Benedictus XVI
  • As a seminarian, Ratzinger was forced to enroll in Hitler Youth, but he says he was not an active participant.