Last updated on: 2/19/2008 | Author:

National Association for Research and Therapy of Homosexuality (NARTH) Biography

Con to the question "Is Sexual Orientation Determined at Birth?"

“NARTH agrees with the American Psychological Association that ‘biological, psychological and social factors’ shape sexual identity at an early age for most people.

But the difference is one of emphasis. We place more emphasis on the psychological (family, peer and social) influences, while the American Psychological Association emphasizes biological influences–and has shown no interest in (indeed, a hostility toward) investigating those same psychological and social influences.

There is no such thing as a ‘gay gene’ and there is no evidence to support the idea that homosexuality is genetic or unchangeable.

Numerous examples exist of people who have successfully modified their sexual behavior, identity, and arousal or fantasies.”

NARTH website, accessed Sep. 2004


“A non-profit, educational organization dedicated to affirming a complementary, male-female model of gender and sexuality…NARTH’s primary goal is to make effective psychological therapy available to all homosexual men and women who seek change. Furthermore, we wish to open for public discussion all issues relating to homosexuality.”

NARTH website, accessed Sep. 2004


“Helping clients bring their desires and behaviors into harmony with their values”

NARTH website, accessed Sep. 2004

501(c)(3) non-profit
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  1. Is Sexual Orientation Determined at Birth?