Last updated on: 2/27/2008 | Author: ProCon.org

Sigmund Freud, DMed Biography

Title:
Psychologist and Neurologist
Position:
Con to the question "Is Sexual Orientation Determined at Birth?"
Reasoning:

“Inversion [the state where a man’s sexual object is a man and not a woman, and woman’s sexual object is a woman and not a man] can only be described as a frequent variation of the sexual instinct, which can be determined by a number of external circumstances in the subject’s life.”

Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality, 1905

Theoretical Expertise Ranking:
     Key Experts
MD's and PhD's in psychology, with significant post-doctorate involvement in human sexuality issues. [Note: Key Experts definition varies by sites that have this designation.]
Involvement and Affiliations:
  • Founder, field of psychoanalysis
  • Honorary member of Royal British Medical Society, 1935
  • Awarded Goethe Prize, 1930
  • Founded Vienna Psychoanalytic Society, 1902
  • Named “Professor Extraordinarius” by Emperor Franz-Joseph, 1902
Education:
  • DMed, University of Vienna, 1881
Other:
  • Considered the father of the field of psychoanalysis
  • Put forth theory that human personality is derived from four stages of infantile sexuality and that homosexuality results from a failure to resolve one of these stages