Last updated on: 1/23/2012 | Author:

William A. Hammond, MD Biography

Late Surgeon General of the US Army
Not Clearly Pro or Con to the question "Is Sexual Orientation Determined at Birth?"

“Several cases of sexual inversion in which the subjects were disposed to form amatory attachments to other men, have been under my observation. They are even more distressing and disgusting than cases such as the details of which I have just given; but it is necessary for the elucidation of the subject to bring their details before the practitioner. So long as human nature exists such instances will occur and physicians must be prepared to treat them.”

Sexual Impotence in the Male and Female, 1887

Theoretical Expertise Ranking:
Individuals with PhDs or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to human sexuality. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to human sexuality.
Involvement and Affiliations:
  • Former Lecturer on Nervous and Mental Diseases, University of the City of New York
  • Founder and Editor, Quarterly Journal of Psychological Medicine and Medical Jurisprudence, 1867-1875
  • Lecturer on Nervous and Mental Diseases, Bellevue Hospital Medical College, 1867-1874
  • Lecturer on Nervous and Mental Diseases, College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1864-1867
  • Surgeon General, US Army, 1862-1863
  • Assistant Surgeon, US Army, 1861-1862
  • Chair of Anatomy and Physiology, Medical School, Baltimore, 1860-1861
  • Assistant Surgeon, US Army, 1849-1860
  • MD, University of the City of New York, 1848
  • Died on Jan. 5, 1900
  • Was relieved from his position of Surgeon General of the US Army in 1863 due to a court-martial involving irregularities in the purchase of medical supplies. In 1878, Hammond fought for his vindication and was restored to the Army.