Psychiatrist and Former Director of Columbia University's Psychoanalytic Clinic for Training and Research
Con to the question "Is Sexual Orientation Determined at Birth?"
"The chief causal factor [of homosexuality] is the affect of anxiety, which inhibits standard stimulation and compels the 'ego action system in the individual' to bring forth an altered scheme of stimulation as a 'reparative adjustment'. Both the inhibitory and the reparative processes begin far back in early childhood, leading up to the picture which we encounter in the adult."
"A Critical Examination of the Concept of Bisexuality," 1940
Key Experts MD's and PhD's in psychology, with significant post-doctorate involvement in human sexuality issues. [Note: Key Experts definition varies by sites that have this designation.]
Involvement and Affiliations:
First director of Columbia University's Psychoanalytic Clinic for Training and Research, 1944
Executive Director of the New York Psychoanalytic Institute and Society, 1939
Promoted the use of aversion therapy, a practice by which pleasurable thoughts (i.e., the image of an attractive man to a homosexual man) become forcibly negatively associated, in order for homosexuals to "unlearn" their behavior
MD, school unknown, Hungary, 1915
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