265th Pope of the Catholic Apostolic Roman Catholic Church
Not Clearly Pro or Con to the question "Is Sexual Orientation Determined at Birth?"
"Although the particular inclination of the homosexual person is not a sin, it is a more or less strong tendency ordered toward an intrinsic moral evil; and thus the inclination itself must be seen as an objective disorder."
"Letter to the Bishops of the Catholic Church on the Pastoral Care of Homosexual Persons," www.vatican.va, Oct. 1, 1986
Experts Individuals with PhDs or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to human sexuality. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to human sexuality.
Involvement and Affiliations:
265th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, Bishop of Rome, and head of state of Vatican City, 2005-present
Honorary Academic, Pontifical Academy of Sciences, 2000-present
Dean, College of Cardinals, 2002-2005
Received honorary doctorates from: University of Wroclaw (2000), Libera Universita Maria Santissima Assunta (1999), University of Navarre (1998), Catholic University of Lublin (1988), Catholic University of Eichstatt (1987), Catholic University of Lima (1986), and College of St. Thomas (1984)
Vice Dean, College of Cardinals, 1998-2002
Cardinal Bishop of Velletri-Segni, 1993-2005
President, Preparatory Commission for the Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1986-1992
Prefect, Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, 1981
Cardinal and Archbishop of Munich and Freising (Germany), 1977–1982
Professor, Theology, University of Tübingen, 1966-1969
Professor, Theology, University of Münster, 1963-1966
Theological Advisor to Cardinal Joseph Frings, Archbishop of Cologne, 1962-1965
Professor, Theology, University of Bonn, 1959-1963
Professor, Philosophy and Theology, Higher School of Freising, 1952-1959
Ordained into the priesthood, 1951
DTh, Theology, University of Munich, 1953
Studied Philosophy and Theology, Higher School of Philosophy and Theology of Freising, 1946-1951
Studied Philosophy and Theology, University of Munich, 1946-1951