Is Sexual Orientation Determined at Birth?

Whether sexual orientation is a trait we are born with (nature) or is caused by the environment we are raised in (nurture) has been debated by scientists, religious leaders, elected officials, and the general public.

Proponents argue that sexual orientation, much like handedness or tongue curling, is determined by natural, immutable biological factors such as genes or hormones, and therefore gay people should be entitled to the same legal rights and protections as other human beings.

Opponents argue that homosexuality is a reversible and unfortunate lifestyle choice resulting from poor child-parent relationships, sexual abuse, brainwashing by pro-gay influences, or other developmental causes. Some contend that gay people should be denied marriage, discrimination protection, and social and religious acceptance.


PROS & CONS BY CATEGORY
CORE QUESTION

Defining Sexuality

Determining Sexual Orientation

Causes: Inborn (Nature)

Causes: Psychological (Nurture)

Changing Sexual Orientation

Religious Considerations

Homosexuality in Animals

Gay Germ Theory

Discrimination

Homophobia

Gay-Straight Alliances

Health Concerns







Notices for Born Gay and Other ProCon.org Information (archived after 30 days)
Archived Notices

Last updated on 1/31/2017 11:28:16 AM PST

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Whether sexual orientation is a trait we are born with (nature) or is caused by the environment we are raised in (nurture) has been debated by scientists, religious leaders, elected officials, and the general public.

Proponents argue that sexual orientation, much like handedness or tongue curling, is determined by natural, immutable biological factors such as genes or hormones, and therefore gay people should be entitled to the same legal rights and protections as other human beings.

Opponents argue that homosexuality is a reversible and unfortunate lifestyle choice resulting from poor child-parent relationships, sexual abuse, brainwashing by pro-gay influences, or other developmental causes. Some contend that gay people should be denied marriage, discrimination protection, and social and religious acceptance.

PROS & CONS BY CATEGORY
CORE QUESTION

Defining Sexuality

Determining Sexual Orientation

Causes: Inborn (Nature)

Causes: Psychological (Nurture)

Changing Sexual Orientation

Religious Considerations

Homosexuality in Animals

Gay Germ Theory

Discrimination

Homophobia

Gay-Straight Alliances

Health Concerns

Should Gay Marriage Be Legal?

Studies on the Origin of Sexual Orientation

Gay Marriage Historical Timeline



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Notices for Born Gay and Other ProCon.org Information (archived after 30 days)
Archived Notices

Last updated on 1/31/2017 11:28:16 AM PST